PAGE  167

 Question 1:


Two couples, Mr. and Mrs. Apple and Mr. and Mrs. Banana, are going on individual vacations. One person wants to fly to Kathmandu, one to London, one to Frankfurt, and one to Hong Kong.

Of these four, only two can fly on a weekend.

One of those two is going to London.

One woman wants to fly to Hong Kong on a weekend.

Her husband wants to go to Kathmandu.

Mrs. Banana must leave on a weekday.

1. Where does Mrs. Banana want to go?

(a) Kathmandu

(b) London

(c) Frankfurt

(d) Hong Kong

2. Where and when does Mr. Banana want to go?

(a) to London on a weekend

(b) to Kathmandu on a weekend

(c) to Frankfurt on a weekend

(d) to Hong Kong on a weekday

(e) to London on a weekday

3. Who wants to fly to Kathmandu?

(a) Mrs. Banana

(b) Mr. Banana

(c) Mrs. Apple

(d) Mr. Apple

Answer :
1. (d) Hong Kong

2. (b) to Kathmandu on a weekend

3. (b) Mr. Banana

PAGE  168

 Question A.1:

Fill in information from the text to complete the notes on the passage.

India: Destination of the Millennium

I. To a tourist it offers

a. ................... topography

b. …………….beauty

c. ……………..diversity

II. Traditional yet modern

a. shopping: ...................

b. family structure: …………….

c. medicine : ……………..

III. Indian hospitality

a. belief: ...................

b. attitude: …………….

c. unique selling point(USP): ……………..

IV. Ministry of Tourism, GOI proposal

a. name of the prog: ...................

b. train people to …………….

c. boost ……………..

d. effort to preserve……………

e. inculcating sense of………

Answer :
India: Destination of the Millennium

I. To a tourist it offers

a. diverse topography

b. natural beauty

c. cultural diversity

II. Traditional yet modern

a. shopping: bustling haats and swanky malls

b. family structure: emergence of nuclear families but a reluctance to let go on the joint family system

c. medicine : destination for both ayurveda and modern medical tourism

III. Indian hospitality

a. belief: honouring guests equals to honouring God

b. attitude: A guest is welcomed into our home and hearth with cheerful gratitude

c. unique selling point(USP): The Sanskrit adage 'atithi devo bhava'

IV. Ministry of Tourism, GOI proposal

a. name of the prog: "Atithi Devo Bhavah Program"

b. train people to become sensitive towards tourists

c. boost tourism in India

d. effort to preserve our rich heritage and culture

e. inculcating a sense of responsibility towards tourists

PAGE  173

 Question A.5(1):

List the factors that you think inhibit tourists from coming to India. Find practical solutions to each of them. Give reasons to support your solutions.

Answer :

This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, some pointers for discussion have been provided for your reference.

(a) Unfriendly attitude towards tourists: People should be educated to behave well with tourists. They should be made to understand that tourism is essential for the growth of our economy.

(b) Lack of awareness and ownership: Citizens should be made aware about the significance of tourism for the progress of our country by showing them that states like Kerala and Rajasthan depend on tourism as the means of livelihood to a large extent. A sense of ownership could also be cultivated through workshops so that people take pride in public properties and do not damage them.

(c) Lack of safety and security: Police protection must be provided at tourist spots to ensure the security of tourists. Tourists should feel safe to move about anywhere in the country without being robbed or mistreated.

(d) Lack of hygiene and cleanliness: The municipal corporations should make sure that the city and especially the tourist spots are clean. National contests could be held to award the most clean and hygienic municipal corporations in the country.

 Question A.5(2):

Cultural Tourism is travel to experience the arts or history of a location or travel to immerse oneself in the language, society, or culture of a region.

This brings people into contact with each other and can foster understanding between people and cultures. This helps people to develop mutual sympathy and understanding and to reduce prejudices. The jobs created by tourism can act as a very important motivation to reduce emigration from rural areas.

However, this causes cultural and environmental destruction. Moreover, at times tribes do not survive infections that are got in to the area by the tourists.

Write an article on "The Two Sides of Tourism Industry".

Answer :

This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, a sample solution has been provided for your reference.

"The Two Sides of Tourism Industry"

Tourism is one of the most popular industries in India. However, every coin has two sides and both the sides hold importance while discussing its entity. On the outer level, tourism might seem beneficial for the people, the nature, the history and the nation’s name, fame and wealth as a whole. However, on further consideration it can be proved that it has its own share of disadvantages as well.

Firstly, on financial grounds, India depends a lot on the travel expenditures incurred by foreigners, as a source of taxation and as a source of income for the enterprises. Therefore, the development of tourism is often a strategy to encourage a particular region for the purpose of increasing commerce through exporting goods and services. It is popular in India because this industry does not require a lot of literacy and also it yields maximum profits with less investment.

It also provides direct employment for the people associated with occupations in bars and hotels. Thanks to it, the average standard of living of people increases well and at the same time unemployment is on the decrease.

However, tourists cause environmental damage through forest fires, destruction of sand dunes and pollution. This, in turn, discourages tourism as increased pollution disturbs local residents and also it may discourage tourists from further entering the country. The popularity in the industry also gets affected when people cause pollution through littering in the snow peaks of Himalayas as well as in the wide coastline which surrounds 1/3rd of the entire country.

Henceforth, tourism undermines culture by commercialising it and this is often connected with increasing litter, graffiti, vandalism and noise by tourists who do not always respect traditional cultures, which is sad but true.

Thus, it can be noticed that tourism has two sides- the profitable, promotional aspect as well as the disadvantageous horrifying affects on our nation.