Here is the Study Material for Democratic Politics in Chapter 5 - Political Struggles and Movements
I VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
01. What do you understand by the term 'Movement'?
Ans. It means a struggle or collective action for achieving a certain aim.
02. What is a Pressure group?
Ans. Pressure groups are those interest groups or organisations that attempt to influence the policies of the govt. to safeguard their own interests.
03. Name any two professional pressure groups working in India.
Ans. All India Bank Employees Union and All India Federation of University and College Teachers.
04. What form of govt. is working in Nepal at present?
05. What was the object of Narmada Bachao Andolan?
Ans. The objective of Andolan was the rehabilitation of the people who had been displaced due to the construction of Sardar Sarovar Project.
06. What are the interest groups?
Ans. Interest groups are the groups which are organised for the promotion of the interests of their particular group - like farmers, labourers and doctors, etc.
07. When does an interest group changes into a pressure group?
Ans. When an interest group starts seeking govt. help for the protection if its interests and tries to influence the members of the legislatures in such a way as to keep the interest of the group in mind while framing its policy or making any law, it turns itself into a Pressure group.
08. Name any 2 techniques employed by the pressure groups?
Ans. (i) Sending petitions or telegrams to the influential people
(ii) Use of Press and Mass media, lobbying etc.
09. In Nepal what does SPA stand for?
Ans. It stands for Seven Party Alliance formed by major political parties in Parliament.
10. What is National Alliance for People's Movements?
Ans. It is an 'Umbrella' organisation which coordinates the activities of the large number of people's movements in the country.
II SHORT AND LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS:
01. What is an Interest group? When does an Interest group turn into a Pressure group?
02. What are the characteristics of pressure groups?
03. Describe the various functions of the Pressure groups?
04. What are the 2 different ways of participating in a struggle?
05. Describe the various Pressure groups in India?
06. Describe any 2 features each of sectional and promotional Pressure groups in India.
07. Write an essay on the 'movement' for restoration of Democracy in Nepal.
III MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS:
01. Democracy was re-established in Nepal in the year:
02. People's struggle in Bolivia was held for:
(a) the restoration of democracy in the country
(b) for providing employment
(c) for removal of poverty
(d) to get the contract of water supply given by the govt. to a MNC.
03. The water war in Bolivia was led by:
04. Match the List - I with List - II using the codes given below the lists:
1. Pressure groups
2. Long-term movement
3. Single issue movement
4. Political Party
A. Narmada Bachao Andolan
B. Asom Gana Parishad
C. Women's movement
D. Fertilizers dealers association
(a) (1)(D) (2)(C) (3)(A) (4)(B)
(b) (1)(B) (2)(A) (3)(D) (4)(C)
(c) (1)(C) (2)(D) (3)(B) (4)(A)
(d) (1)(B) (2)(D) (3)(C) (4)(A)
05. Following is not the characteristics of pressure groups:
(b) Common Interest
(c) Universal character
(d) All of these
06. Following is a professional interest group:
(a) Akhil Bhartiya Vidhyarthi Parishad
(c) Bhartiya Kisan Union
(d) All India Bar Association
07. Medha Patekar is the leader of:
(a) Narmada Bachao Andolan
(b) Women movement
(c) Movement for the restoration of democracy
(d) None of the above
01. (b) 2006
02. (d) to get the contract of water supply given by the govt. to a MNC.
03. (b) Fedecor
04. (a) (1)(D) (2)(C) (3)(A) (4)(B)
05. (d) All of these
06. (d) All India Bar Association
07. (d) None of the above