Chapter 3. Nationalism in India

Here is the Study Material for History in Chapter 3. Nationalism in India


01. Name the main Satyagraha movement organised by Mahatma Gandhi successfully in favour of peasants in 1916 and 1917.
In Champaran Bihar (1916) to inspire peasants to struggle against the oppressive plantation system and in 1917 in Kheda district of Gujarat to support the peasants affected by crop failure in their demand for relaxation in revenue collection.

02. What was the period of the (a) Non-Cooperation Movement and (b) the Civil Disobedience Movement.
(a) 1920 to 1922
        (b) 1930 to 1934

03. What was the motion of Swaraj for plantation workers in Assam?
See answer of Q-1.

04. Where, when and Why did Gandhiji organise his first Satyagraha Movement in India?
Gandhiji organised his first Satyagraha Movement in Champaram in 1916, to inspire peaseants to Struggle against the oppressive plantation system.

05. Where, When and Why in Gujarat did Gandhiji organise a Satyagraha?
Gandhiji organised a Satyagraha in Kheda district of Gujarat in 1917, to support the peasants affected by crop failure and plague epidemic in their demand for relaxation in revenue collection.

06. When and for whom did Gandhiji Organise a movement in Ahmedabad?
Gandhiji oranised a Satygraha Movement for Cotton mill workers in 1918, in Ahmedabad.

07. When was the Indian National Congress founded?
The INC was formed in 1885.

08. Name three leaders of the early phase of the Congress (Moderate leaders).
Ans. (1) Dadabhai Naroji. (2) Surendranath Banerjee. (3) Gopal Krishna Gokhale.

09. What is meant by Bal, Pal, Lal?
Bal Pal Lal is the Short form for the three extremist leaders Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai.

10. Who assumed the leadership of the national movement in 1919?
Mahandas Karamchand Gandi (M.K. Gandhi).

11. Give the Greatest achievement of Gandiji in the social field.
The greatest achievement of Gandhiji among other in the Social field was to start a campaign aganist the inhuman practice of untouchability.

12. When the where did the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy take place? Name the person instrumental in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre?
The Jallianwala Bagh tragedy took place in Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, on April 13, 1919 (day of Baisakhi)
General Dyer.

13. Next to Gandhi who was the central figure in the new phase of nationalism?
Jawaharlal Nehru.

14. From where and when did Mahatma Gandhi return to India?
Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa in January 1915.

15. What and why was the strategy developed by Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa was called 'Satyagraha'.
Ans. It was a novel method of mass adritation to fight the racist regime.

16. What is the characteristic feature of the idea of satyagraha?
The characteristic feature of the idea of satyagraha is, it emphasised the power of truth and the need to search for truth, It was dharma of non-violence.

17. Why did Gandhi support the Khilafat issue?
Gandhiji supported the Khilafat issue because in it he saw an opportunity to bring Muslims under the Umbrella of a unified national movement.

18. Which two leaders advocated the adoption of Socialist ideas?
      Name the young leaders of the national movement?
(1) Jawaharlal Nehru, and
        (2) Subhash Chandra Bose

19. When were the elections of the Provincial Legislative Councils held after this passage of the Government of India Act of 1935?
In 1937.

20. When was the the Muslim League founded?
In 1906.

21. When was the World War II fought?
22. Which was the major movement started during World War II?
23. Who organised the INA?
24. When was the demand for Pakistan made by the Muslim League?
25. When was the Poona Pact designed?
26. From where did Gandhiji start the Salt March?
27. What marked the beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement?
28. Who is known as Frontier Gandhi?
29. State the 2 main principles of Gandhiji's method of national struggle?
30. Gandhiji attended which round table conference in London?


01. Prior to the Non-Cooperation Movement Gandhiji successfully organised Satyagraha movements in which places in India?
02. How did Gandhiji propose to turn Non-Cooperation into a movement?
03. Give reasons why the Non-Cooperation Movement slowed down in cities?
04. The Congress leadership was unhappy with the peasant movement. Give reasons.
05. (i) Give the names of two associations started by business classes.
      (ii) State aim and purpose.
06. Dalit participation in the civil disobedience movement was limited. Give reasons.
07. The identity of the nation was symbolised in the image of Bharat Mata.
      (i) Who first created this image?
      (ii) How?
08. How was the idea of sacrifices for the motherland /mother popularised?
09. Describe one popular symbol used by nationalist leaders in unifying people and inspiring in them a feeling of nationalism?
10. The high points of Congress activity and nationalist unity were followed by phases of disunity and inner conflict between groups. Give reasons.
11. Why did the Indian National Congress change its goal from Swaraj to 'Purna Swaraj'/Complete Independence?
12. How did Gandhiji integrate the untouchables in the national movement?
13. Why many of the social groups who in the earlier, phase of the Civil Disobedience were enthusiastic supporters, became lukewarm on the relaunch of the Civil Disobedience Movement (1932)? Give reasons.
14. Some of the classes and groups kept away from the Civil Disobedience Movement . Support your answer by giving two examples.


01. What were the reasons for the launching of the Non-Cooperation Movement?
02. What factors were responsible for the rise of nationalism in communal forces in India?
03. How did the consciousness of a nation state/nationalism emerge in India? Explain.


01. Which among the following was the prime factor in the emergence of modern nationalism in India?

(a) New symbols
(b) New ideas
(c) Icons
(d) Anti-colonial movement

02. In which year did Gandhiji return to India from South Africa?
(a) Jan. 1915
(b) Feb. 1916
(c) Jan. 1916
(d) Feb. 1915

03. Satyagraha was

(a) pure soul force
(b) weapon of the week
(c) physical force
(d) force of arms

04. Champaran Satyagraha (1916) was launched by Gandhiji against
(a) high revenue demand
(b) indigo planters
(c) mill owners
(d) salt tax

05. Which among the following was the reason for Indian opposition to the Rowlatt Act (1919)?

(a) It was passed hurriedly
(b) It gave the govt. enormous powers
(c) Local leaders were picked up
(d) It authorised the govt. to imprison people without trial

06. In which city Jallianwala Bagh Tragedy took place?
(a) Amritsar
(b) Lahore
(c) Agra
(d) Meerut

07. Whcih of the following formed the Khilafat Commitee in Bombay?
(a) Muhammad Ali Jinnah
(b) Ali Brothers
(c) Abdul Ghaffar Khan
(d) Surendra Nath Banerjee

08. The famous book of Gandhiji is
(a) My Experiments with truth
(b) Hind Swaraj
(c) Discovery of India
(d) Main Kampf

01. (d) Anti-colonial movement
02. (a) Jan. 1915
03. (a) pure soul force
04. (b) indigo planters
05. (d) It authorised the govt. to imprison people without trial
06. (a) Amritsar
07. (b) Ali Brothers
08. (d) Main Kampf